Brown spots on your hands, arms, and face are also called liver spots, sun spots, age spots and solar lentiginosis. They actually have nothing to do with aging, but as you grow older, the sun damage to your skin accumulates and appears as brown spots.
Liver spots are harmless and we may diagnose your liver spots with a visual inspection. The spots develop at the base of the top layer of skin. Treatments that lighten the spots must penetrate to the base of the spot. They usually appear on the face, arms, hands, shoulders, tops of the feet, and upper back. There are a number of treatments that may be used for liver spots, including:
• Laser and light therapy, in which the energy is absorbed by the melanin or pigment-producing cells. These treatments don’t affect the skin’s surface. You may need a series of treatments of laser or light therapy to get the desired results.
• Microdermabrasion can be used to gently remove the top layers of skin. A new layer will grow back, but it may take more than one treatment at our office to achieve the desired results.
• A chemical peel is a treatment in which a special solution is gently put on your face that removes the top layers of skin down to the liver spots. New skin forms, but again, it may take a series of treatments to get the desired results.
Before starting any type of treatment, it is recommended to consult our specialist to make sure your spots are simply age spots and not the beginning of another issue. If your spots show any of the following symptoms, you should get professional help as soon as possible:
• They grow larger very quickly
• They are very dark
• They have an irregularly-shaped border
• They itch, bleed and are tender or red
• They consist of more than one color